What is Methadone & How Does it Work?
Methadone is an opioid pain reliever that is also used to treat the addiction of opioid. It is offered in the form of a pill or oral solution when involved in treating acute pain. It generally comes as a fruit-flavored drink when it is intended to treat the addiction of opioid. Once a day, the powder is diluted and administered orally.
What is Methadone Used for?
Methadone is basically a long-acting opioid used as a substitute of short-acting opioids like, oxycodone, heroine, hydromorphone and fentanyl in addicted persons. The term “long-acting” refers to a medicine that operates in the body more slowly and for a longer length of time. Methadone has a 24-to-36-hour duration of action. Short-acting opioids, on the other hand, require three to five doses to prevent withdrawal.
Methadone avoids withdrawal symptoms and lowers drug cravings when taken at the right dose, without making the individual feel high (euphoric) or drowsy. This reduces the risks of opioid usage and allows people who are addicted to opioids to regain control of their life. Methadone maintenance is a form of opioid agonist therapy that is used in this situation. For the addiction of opioid, a similar agonist treatment to methadone named buprenorphine is also utilized. Both, the methadone and buprenorphine are successful therapies to treat opioid addiction when paired with medical and supportive care, while one may work better for some people than the other.
Methadone maintenance is a lengthy treatment for opioid addiction. Treatment might last anywhere from one to two years to up to 20 years. When the individual using methadone and their doctor finds it suitable to stop therapy, there is a progressive decrease in the methadone dose over a period of several weeks or months, alleviating the impacts of withdrawal process.
The following are some of the possible long or short term reactions:
- Abnormal sweating
- Dryness in mouth
- Change in sexual desire
- A probable gain in weight
Methadone Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):What is the difference amongst Methadone and buprenorphine?
There are numerous differences in both treatments demonstrated as follows:
- Methadone may only be prescribed by people who have finished particular training, however buprenorphine can be prescribed by any physician.
- Buprenorphine is a tablet that is absorbed beneath the tongue, whereas methadone is a liquid.
- Overdosing is more likely with methadone as compared to buprenorphine.
- Methadone is a kind of therapy usually offered through specialist treatment centres; buprenorphine therapy may be more accessible than methadone therapy.
- With methadone, it might take weeks to obtain a completely effective dosage, while with buprenorphine, it only takes a few days.
- Methadone’s side effects might be more severe.
Is it possible for methadone to interact with other medications?Is it possible to overdose on methadone?
Overdosing is a danger with all kinds of opioids. When it comes to methadone, it carries a larger risk than buprenorphine. The danger is greatest when an individual begins therapy or when they stop taking opioids (methadone or any other opioids) for a period of time before restarting.